Brazil’s National Policy for Agroecology and Organic Production (PNAPO) is a federal policy in Brazil, created in 2012, aimed at the widening and consolidation of actions toward sustainable rural development. All relevant stakeholders and government are involved in PNAPO, while creating critical spaces for participatory planning, implementation, and monitoring, and including “transdisciplinarity” in policymaking (FuturePolicy.org).
PLANAPO is linked to other food security and nutrition policies, and is coordinated by 10 ministries with 194 initiatives. This plan follows 6 strategic axes: 1) production; 2) use and conservation of natural resources; 3) dissemination of knowledge; 4) commercialization and consumption; 5) land and territory; and 6) socio biodiversity.
The Brazilian government focuses on two parallel agricultural streams: conventional and alternative. Through the implementation of programs and actions that foster the agroecological transition, they work toward goals to improve the quality of life of the population by aiming for sustainable rural development and increased consumption of healthy food. The impacts and outcomes of this transition are: 1) strengthening the Family Farming Program; 2) promoting technical assistance and rural extension; 3) promoting transition to sustainable production systems; 4) developing and providing technological innovation; 5) promoting agroecological training; 5) improving access to water production; 6) supporting seeds suitable for organic production on an agroecological basis; 7) supporting the promotion and marketing of organic and agroecological products; and 8) increasing the share of organic and agroecological products in local markets, the region, and institutionally.
Because of Brazil’s current political and economic situation, the second cycle of PNAPO, PLANAPO 2016–2019, faces drastic budget cuts. The political turmoil and economic crisis have affected the implementation of the cycle.
Rogério Neuwald, the executive secretary of the National Commission for Agroecology and Organic Production, spoke about how PLANAPO arose after the “March of the Daisies” in 2012, where rural women demonstrated for sustainable rural development, gender equality, and better conditions for rural populations. This grassroots beginning shines through in the presence of civil society in the planning, implementation, and monitoring of the policy and programs.